Diabetes is a chronic condition that can lead to many health complications. It is recommended to get A1C tests done to diagnose cases of prediabetes, type 1, and type 2. Also, A1C tests help in monitoring the treatment plans for diabetes.
What is an A1C Test?
A1C is a blood test that offers complete information about a person’s average blood sugar level over a period of two to three months before the test. The test results are reported as a percentage. The higher the percentage, the higher is the average blood sugar level.
What does the A1C test measure?
The A1C test is used for diabetes diagnosis as well as management. The test can also anticipate the likelihood of someone developing diabetes. When glucose enters the blood, it binds to hemoglobin, a red blood cell protein. The more the hemoglobin is bound, the higher will be the A1C percentage.
Understanding the diabetes A1C levels chart
The normal diabetes A1C range is below 5.7 percent. If your diabetes test A1C range is between 5.7 and 6.4, it is a condition of prediabetes. This puts you at the risk of developing type 2 diabetes within 10 years. However, with proper care, you can delay or prevent the condition.
If your diabetes test A1C range is 6.5 percent or higher, you will receive a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes.
For people with a diabetic history, keeping A1C levels below 7 percent can help to reduce the risk of health complications.
How to bring down diabetes A1C levels?
In order to lower your score on the diabetes A1C levels chart, you can try the following:
Formulate a plan
Formulate a plan that lists your biggest challenges, such as:
- Losing weight
- Performing regular exercise
- Eating a well-balanced diet
- Coping with stress
Create a diabetes management plan
If you are diagnosed with diabetes, you need to create a comprehensive diabetes management plan that includes:
- Medical instructions
- List of medications
- Target blood glucose levels
- Emergency contacts
- Plan on how to correct low blood sugars
Eat a balanced diet with proper portion size
You can increase the consumption of non-starchy vegetables. Consume fruits, fats, proteins, and complex carbohydrates such as potatoes, bread, etc. However, be aware of the serving size. Also, try to avoid processed foods, sugary drinks, and sodas.
Check your blood sugar as directed
Work with your doctor to determine how often you should check your blood sugar level.
Understanding your diabetes A1C levels chart and taking the necessary steps to keep your score low is a significant part of diabetes management. Do not hesitate to consult your doctor if you have any queries regarding your A1C levels.