Of all the diseases that plague the world, blood disorders are one of those which need to be detected and treated right away. Blood performs the primary function of carrying nutrients to the different parts of the body, and blood disorders tend to cripple this function. Blood disorders affect the three main components of the blood, namely, the Red Blood Cells (RBCs), the White Blood Cells (WBCs) and the platelets. Each of these components has a function to perform, which ensures that our body functions in its optimum form.
The primary function of the RBCs is to carry oxygen to the different parts of the body; the WBCs are enlisted with the task of fighting infections that can affect the body, and the platelets are that component of the blood that allows it to clot, a function that comes in handy in cases of injury. When blood disorders strike, it is one of these three components that are affected, and this, in turn, affects its functions as well. When these components are affected, the following symptoms surface.
When RBCs are affected, the following symptoms surface-
- Since the primary function of the RBCs is to supply oxygen to the other parts of the body, and when this function is affected, the different parts of the body will not receive the required amount of oxygen. Thus, the person experiences fatigue frequently.
- The person suffering from a blood disorder that affects the RBCs also experiences trouble in breathing. Shortness of breath is a common symptom of blood disorders.
- Due to the limited supply of oxygen to the brain, the person experiences difficulty in focusing on the task at hand.
- Also, the reduced supply of oxygen also results in muscle weakness.
When the WBCs are affected by certain blood disorders, it shows the following symptoms-
- Since WBCs are affected, it affects its ability to fight infections. So, a person suffers from this kind blood disorders fall prey to infections quite easily.
- Also, the person affected by this kind of blood disorder experiences sudden weight loss.
- The blood disorders that affect the WBCs can result in the person experiencing a constant feeling of being unwell.
The platelets are instrumental in blood clotting which prevents excessive bleeding.
- Blood disorders that affect the platelets affect its clotting abilities as well. So, one of the common symptoms of a blood disorder of this kind is that the blood doesn’t clot when the person is injured, and this results in excessive bleeding.
- The person’s skin is easily bruised when affected by such blood disorders.
- Also, the person experiences unexplained nosebleeds or bleeding from the gums.
- Since the clots don’t form easily, it takes longer time for cuts and wounds to heal.